Characteristics: Cool-season grass - medium to dark
green color, moderate density - more extensive root system
than any other cool-season turfgrass. Texture ranges from
coarse to medium for newer turf-types. A bunch-type grass.
Recommended Usage: Very good transition zone grass
- adapted to moderately cold winters and warm summers - good
tough play lawn - recommended for a wide variety of uses,
including residential and commercial landscapes, roadsides,
parks, recreation areas, and sports fields.
Temperature Tolerance: Good heat tolerance for a cool-season
grass - grows in a wide range of temperatures in the transitional
climatic zone between cool and warm climates - less cold hardy
than most cool-season grasses.
Drought Resistance: Good - one of the better cool-season
turfgrasses, fairly deep root system helps avoid drought.
Can go into summer dormancy, with brown leaves, when irrigation
is withheld; upon return of moisture supply, will green up
again. Some varieties have better tolerance to heat and drought.
Shade Adaptation: Good in transition zone - prefers
full sun - moderately tolerant to partial shade. Of the cool-season
grasses, only fine leafed fescues rank higher in shade adaptation.
Wear Resistance: Good - suitable for moderate recreation
and foot traffic areas exhibiting good initial wear recovery,
especially in spring and fall when growth is rapid.
Taking good care of your lawn often requires no more work
overall than taking poor care of it. A lawn that is properly
mowed, fertilized and watered has far fewer problems with
weeds, diseases and insects. A well kept lawn also remains
dense and attractive, providing you much more enjoyment and
Water Needs: Moderate - Apply 0.5 inches to 1 inch
of water as deep soaking every 3 to 7 days to encourage a
deep, healthy root system during dry or hot periods. Avoid
frequent, shallow watering that results in shallow roots,
permitting weed germination and growth.
Mowing & Thatching: Optimum mowing height of 2
to 3 inches for a high quality lawn. Mow regularly with a
sharp rotary or reel mower, allowing clippings from frequent
mowing to remain on the lawn. Never remove more than 1/3 of
the shoot growth at one mowing. Tall fescue forms very little
Soil & Fertilizer Needs: Adapts to a wide range
of soil conditions - has rather deep extensive root system
for a cool-season grass that makes excellent use of soil moisture
and mineral nutrients - good tolerance to saline soil conditions.
Fertilize twice a year, spring, fall, with a complete fertilizer
containing nitrogen, phosphate and potassium - apply N at
2 to 4 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft. per year. Will respond well
to high nitrogen applications to achieve a higher quality
turf. Water thoroughly after fertilization.
Disease, Weed & Insect Control: Varieties are
available that are resistant to net blotch, brown patch and
crown rust. For weeds, chemical controls are most effective
during fall and spring.